The eyes are complex structures that contain various parts. Each part, from the cornea to the retina to the optic nerve, has a role to play in the creation of sight. The retina sits at the back of the eye waiting for light to pass through the cornea and vitreous fluid. When light lands on the retina, it transforms into an image that is sent to the brain for recognition. This is all very fascinating. More importantly, it is integral to our understanding of how to keep our eyes as healthy and viable as possible. In our Honolulu area office, patients can receive comprehensive diagnostic and treatment services to support ongoing retinal health.
Promoting Ocular Health
Foods and lifestyle habits nourish the eyes just like any other area of the body. Therefore, habits like eating leafy greens and getting sufficient sleep are valuable to eye health. In particular, there are specific nutrients that are beneficial to the retinas. These include Vitamins C and E, Lutein, Zinc, and Zeaxanthin. Beneficial nutrients are found in nuts, fish, and citrus fruits, as well, but may also be obtained by taking a supplement formulated for eye health.
Does diet solve all concerns? No. Genetics also have a significant effect on a person’s risk for eye diseases like age-related macular degeneration and retinopathy. The objective of eating and living well is to offset the genetic risk over which we have no control. By living well, we don’t just mean getting plenty of rest and nutrition. The eyes are particularly vulnerable to a few lifestyle factors. These include:
- People who smoke have significantly higher risks for all types of eye disease, including retinopathy, cataracts, and macular degeneration. Quitting this habit allows the eyes to heal over time, so risk is reduced.
- Digital Devices. Research is continually discovering the downside to modern technology. As it relates to eye health, lifestyle factors like computer use present a risk for chronic eye strain that may lead to premature aging of ocular structures like the vitreous fluid that supports the retina.
- UV exposure. Sunlight, as well as blue light from digital devices, can damage the internal construction of the eyes. Studies suggest that ongoing exposure to UV light increases the risk of age-related macular degeneration.
Retinal conditions may offer a few clues, such as floaters, flashes of light, and gradual loss of peripheral vision. Don’t wait for symptoms to alert you to a problem. Schedule a comprehensive eye exam at 808-625-5577.